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Mental Health and Work: Sweden

image of Mental Health and Work: Sweden
Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is becoming a key issue for labour market and social policies in OECD countries. OECD governments increasingly recognise that policy has a major role to play in keeping people with mental ill-health in employment or bringing those outside of the labour market back to it, and in preventing mental illness. This report on Sweden is the second in a series of reports looking at how the broader education, health, social and labour market policy challenges identified in Sick on the Job? Myths and Realities about Mental Health and Work (OECD, 2012) are being tackled in a number of OECD countries. It concludes that Swedish policy makers recognise the need to take steps to tackle mental ill-health and its labour market implications, but that a more comprehensive reform effort and a long-term commitment to it is needed in order to prevent problems from arising in the first place and respond more effectively when they do occur.

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Youth in Sweden, mental ill-health and the transition into the labour market

The purpose of this chapter is twofold. First, it assesses whether the school system can adequately identify and manage mental health problems of children and youth. Second, it examines the role of transition services offered e.g. by the public employment service and local employment services to help vulnerable youth enter the labour market. It discusses strategies to prevent mental health problems in schools and the effectiveness of school health services in dealing with mental disorders. It reviews policies directed at identifying problems among early school leavers and young adults who are not in education and not in employment and who are generally at a greater risk of developing mental disorders. The chapter also examines the employment programmes to boost labour market demand for vulnerable youth and addresses the main problems in the disability benefit system for young people.

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