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Mental Health and Work: Belgium

image of Mental Health and Work: Belgium

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is becoming a key issue for labour market and social policies in OECD countries. OECD governments increasingly recognise that policy has a major role to play in keeping people with mental ill-health in employment or bringing those outside of the labour market back to it, and in preventing mental illness. This report on Belgium is the first in a series of reports looking at how the broader education, health, social and labour market policy challenges identified in Sick on the Job? Myths and Realities about Mental Health and Work (OECD, 2012) are being tackled in a number of OECD countries. It concludes that Belgium can build on a system with a number of structural strengths that are not yet exploited to the best possible extent.

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The Belgian education system

This chapter assesses the capacity of the Belgian education system to support vulnerable children and youth with a mental disorder during their school career and transition into the labour market. It discusses strategies to prevent mental health problems in schools and the effectiveness of the school system in dealing with students with mental disorders. It also reviews policies directed at early school leavers who are at a greater risk of developing a mental disorder and, finally, examines the effectiveness of employment programmes to boost labour demand for vulnerable youth.

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