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Mental Health and Work: Belgium

image of Mental Health and Work: Belgium

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is becoming a key issue for labour market and social policies in OECD countries. OECD governments increasingly recognise that policy has a major role to play in keeping people with mental ill-health in employment or bringing those outside of the labour market back to it, and in preventing mental illness. This report on Belgium is the first in a series of reports looking at how the broader education, health, social and labour market policy challenges identified in Sick on the Job? Myths and Realities about Mental Health and Work (OECD, 2012) are being tackled in a number of OECD countries. It concludes that Belgium can build on a system with a number of structural strengths that are not yet exploited to the best possible extent.

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Employers and the working environment in Belgium

This chapter looks at the role of employers who are ideally placed to help people in the workforce to deal with mental health problems and retain their jobs. It first describes the link between working conditions and mental illhealth, reduced productivity and sick leave; then discusses prevention strategies to address the challenges in the psychosocial work environment; and, finally, looks at employer responsibilities and the involvement of occupational health services in this process.

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