Managing Decentralisation

A New Role for Labour Market Policy

image of Managing Decentralisation

Decentralising labour market policy is a delicate and challenging subject of political debate.  Does decentralisation really enable co-ordination of policies?  At the local level, how do we make the best use of decentralised powers?  How can greater flexibility be provided in managing policies while still guaranteeing efficiency and accountability?  To enhance responsiveness to citizens’ needs, governments increasingly decentralise the way policies are designed and implemented.  In the labour market policy area, many stakeholders, from business and local government to community groups and NGOs have been receptive.  The OECD invited leading experts and experienced policy makers and practitioners to address these questions and share their experiences in dealing with such issues. This report, supported by statistical data, summarises the lessons learnt from their experiences.  It is for researchers, leading experts, business communities, economists in government circles and NGOs.




Opening the Circuits

In Italy, the last few years were characterised by an important reform process oriented towards the administrative decentralisation and the modernisation of the public administration and of the labour market. In particular, since the Law No. 196/97 – which has introduced the temporary contracts in Italy’s legal system – and after the three Bassanini Laws and the recent Constitutional Reform (Law No. 3/01), the progressive attribution of competences and functions, traditionally centralised to the regions and the local level took place.


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