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Labour Market Mobility in Nordic Welfare States

image of Labour Market Mobility in Nordic Welfare States

The report focuses on labour market mobility during the period 2000-2006 in four Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. The purpose is to study rates and determinants of mobility and how differences in the institutional settings in the four countries affect mobility outcomes. Especially, the institutional mix that is contained in the concept "flexicurity" has been in focus. Mobility types studied are: Transitions between labour market statuses. Transitions into and out of atypical employment. Workplace mobility, occupational mobility and mobility between industries. Data used are the Labour Force Surveys (LFS). Their panel structure has been utilized to measure changes in labour market situation after one year. The main conclusion is that the Danish flexicurity nexus leads to high mobility rates on the labour market. However, the study reveals high levels also in Norway. In general, Finland and Sweden shows lower mobility rates than the two other countries.

English

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Labour market characteristics

One purpose of this study is to estimate probabilities of mobility in the four countries when economic and compositional factors on the labour market are controlled for in statistical analyses. In the review of earlier research on labour market mobility in a Nordic context, many factors with impact on mobility rates were uncovered. These factors should be included as variables in the statistical analyses to control for structural factors that may not directly be a consequence of institutional differences but of, for example, demographic characteristics.

English

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