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Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes: Japan 2009

image of Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes: Japan 2009

Improving the performance of youth on the labour market is a crucial challenge in many OECD countries and first experiences on the labour market have a profound influence on later working life. This report on Japan, one of a series of country studies, surveys the main barriers to employment for young people in Japan, assesses of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school to work in the country, and presents set of policy recommendations.

English

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Summary and Main Recommendations

The youth labour market in Japan has gone through major upheavals over the past two decades. Until the early 1990s, it was characterised by a rapid transition of school leavers into stable employment, low unemployment and low job turnover. These patterns were explained by a combination of strong labour demand and a unique school-to-work transition system in which schools were directly linked to firms and provided placement services to most of their students. In a context of generalised lifetime employment practices, firms hired new staff upon school completion with the prospect of long-term employment and provided intensive on-the-job training to new hires.

English

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