Job Creation and Local Economic Development 2018

Preparing for the Future of Work

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This third edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development examines the impact of technological progress on regional and local labour markets. It sheds light on widening regional gaps on job creation, workers education and skills, as well as inclusion in local economies. Drawing on new data, it examines the geographical distribution of the risk of automation and whether jobs lost to automation are compensated by the creation of jobs at lower risk of automation. Building on data from labour force surveys, the report looks at the rise of non-standard work, highlighting the main regional determinants of temporary jobs and self-employment. Finally, it considers determinants of productivity and inclusion in regional and local labour markets, as well as policies to foster greater inclusion of vulnerable groups into the labour market. Individual country profiles provide an overview of regional labour markets and, among other things, an assessment of the performance in terms of “quality” jobs created among different regions.


The geography of non-standard work

This chapter provides an overview of the distribution of non-standard work across OECD TL2 regions. Non-standard work, defined as temporary, part-time, and self-employment, represents an opportunity to reach a more efficient use of resources, through flexible working conditions. Still, non-standard work can be challenging for some workers. Building on data from labour force surveys, this chapter provides estimates on the rise of temporary contracts, looking at both individual and regional characteristics. The chapter includes also a special focus on the Veneto region (Italy). The second part of the chapter looks at the changing nature of self-employment, which is becoming a sort of employment of last resort, providing statistics to support these trends in most OECD countries and a discussion of policies to contrast the increasing “false” self-employment – workers that have only one client and whose tasks are similar to dependent work.




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