Job Creation and Local Economic Development 2018

Preparing for the Future of Work

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This third edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development examines the impact of technological progress on regional and local labour markets. It sheds light on widening regional gaps on job creation, workers education and skills, as well as inclusion in local economies. Drawing on new data, it examines the geographical distribution of the risk of automation and whether jobs lost to automation are compensated by the creation of jobs at lower risk of automation. Building on data from labour force surveys, the report looks at the rise of non-standard work, highlighting the main regional determinants of temporary jobs and self-employment. Finally, it considers determinants of productivity and inclusion in regional and local labour markets, as well as policies to foster greater inclusion of vulnerable groups into the labour market. Individual country profiles provide an overview of regional labour markets and, among other things, an assessment of the performance in terms of “quality” jobs created among different regions.



Overview of country profiles

This section presents an overview of the methodology followed across all country profiles, including data source for each country. It provides a guide to the indicators included in the country profiles in order to correctly interpret within country outcomes and cross-country differences.These country profiles complement the analysis conducted in the first part of the report. They provide country specific indicators about regional and local disparities in employment and unemployment rates, as well as trends in job creation and the dynamic of the employment in the period 2011-16. For 21 countries, it also qualifies job creation according to the risk of automation associated with each occupation.


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