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Job Creation and Local Economic Development 2018

Preparing for the Future of Work

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This third edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development examines the impact of technological progress on regional and local labour markets. It sheds light on widening regional gaps on job creation, workers education and skills, as well as inclusion in local economies. Drawing on new data, it examines the geographical distribution of the risk of automation and whether jobs lost to automation are compensated by the creation of jobs at lower risk of automation. Building on data from labour force surveys, the report looks at the rise of non-standard work, highlighting the main regional determinants of temporary jobs and self-employment. Finally, it considers determinants of productivity and inclusion in regional and local labour markets, as well as policies to foster greater inclusion of vulnerable groups into the labour market. Individual country profiles provide an overview of regional labour markets and, among other things, an assessment of the performance in terms of “quality” jobs created among different regions.

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Foreword

Four years since the first edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development, the creation of better quality jobs remains a top concern among OECD countries. The first edition focused on how policy makers can set the framework for local job creation, while the second edition examined policies to boost skills development and entrepreneurship at the local level. This third edition looks ahead and examines the changing nature of work and the necessary steps to prepare workers for the future of work. It sheds light on widening spatial gaps within countries in terms of job creation and the education and skills of workers, as well as the need for more effective programmes to ensure labour market inclusion of vulnerable groups.

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