Job Creation and Local Economic Development 2016

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This second edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development examines how national and local actors can better work together to support economic development and job creation at the local level. It sheds light on a continuum of issues – from how skills policy can better meet the needs of local communities to how local actors can better engage employers in apprenticeships and improve the implementation of SME and entrepreneurship policy. It includes international comparisons that allow local areas to take stock of how they are performing in the marketplace for skills and jobs. It also includes a set of country profiles featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of OECD sub-regions (TL3).

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Policymakers across the OECD are faced with the twin challenges of boosting productivity growth, while ensuring that growth delivers improved living standards and spreads the benefits of increased prosperity fairly. This is a vital but not an easy task. Actions originating at any single governance level or policy area will not be sufficient. A whole-of-government approach is needed. While strategies and plans can be developed at the national and regional levels, it is at the level of local communities that the “rubber hits the road”. The local level is where programme delivery actually happens, trade-offs and complementarities become most evident, and actions can be joined-up to deliver effective results.

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