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Job Creation and Local Economic Development 2016

image of Job Creation and Local Economic Development 2016

This second edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development examines how national and local actors can better work together to support economic development and job creation at the local level. It sheds light on a continuum of issues – from how skills policy can better meet the needs of local communities to how local actors can better engage employers in apprenticeships and improve the implementation of SME and entrepreneurship policy. It includes international comparisons that allow local areas to take stock of how they are performing in the marketplace for skills and jobs. It also includes a set of country profiles featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of OECD sub-regions (TL3).

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Local actions can make apprenticeships work

This chapter considers the role that local actors can play in furthering the implementation of high quality apprenticeship programmes. It begins with an overview of apprenticeship systems – the institutional and governance structures as well as the barriers that employers and individuals face to participation. It then looks more specifically at the role that local public actors can play in helping to overcome these barriers, from facilitating access for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to using public procurement to incentivise apprenticeship opportunities. Finally, it looks at how apprenticeships can be a tool for social inclusion at the local level, considering the role of social enterprises and how apprenticeships can be used to further the labour market integration of refugees.

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