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Indigenous Employment and Skills Strategies in Canada

image of Indigenous Employment and Skills Strategies in Canada

This report looks at a range of key labour market, economic and social indicators related to Canada’s growing Indigenous population, which comprises First Nations, Inuit and Métis. In 2016, there were over 1.6 million Indigenous People in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population, which is a significant increase from 3.8% in 2006. The report looks at the implementation of the federal government’s Indigenous Skills and Employment Training Strategy through in-depth analysis across four case study areas, including 1) the Centre for Aboriginal Human Resources and Development in Winnipeg, Manitoba; 2) Community Futures Treaty Seven in Calgary, Alberta; 3) MAWIW Council in Fredericton, New Brunswick; and 4) Kiikenomaga Kikenjigewen Employment and Training Services (KKETS) in Thunder Bay, Ontario. The report highlights critical success factors to better link Indigenous People to high quality jobs while also providing recommendations regarding future labour market and skills programming for Indigenous People in Canada.

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Recommendations

Ensuring that Indigenous People have equal opportunity to participate in the labour market is fundamental to promote inclusive growth in Canada. This requires robust active labour market, skills, and economic development programmes to foster local partnerships and provide culturally sensitive services. Indigenous communities should be given every opportunity to take leadership in managing and delivering policies and programmes. This chapter outlines key recommendations emerging from this OECD study on Indigenous People in Canada.

English

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