Indigenous Employment and Skills Strategies in Canada

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This report looks at a range of key labour market, economic and social indicators related to Canada’s growing Indigenous population, which comprises First Nations, Inuit and Métis. In 2016, there were over 1.6 million Indigenous People in Canada, accounting for 4.9% of the total population, which is a significant increase from 3.8% in 2006. The report looks at the implementation of the federal government’s Indigenous Skills and Employment Training Strategy through in-depth analysis across four case study areas, including 1) the Centre for Aboriginal Human Resources and Development in Winnipeg, Manitoba; 2) Community Futures Treaty Seven in Calgary, Alberta; 3) MAWIW Council in Fredericton, New Brunswick; and 4) Kiikenomaga Kikenjigewen Employment and Training Services (KKETS) in Thunder Bay, Ontario. The report highlights critical success factors to better link Indigenous People to high quality jobs while also providing recommendations regarding future labour market and skills programming for Indigenous People in Canada.




Ensuring that Indigenous People have access to quality job opportunities that align with their unique cultural identity is integral within on-going efforts to support inclusive growth in Canada. This report is part of overall work being conducted on Indigenous People within the OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions, and Cities, considering how to best design local employment and skills strategies, as well as how to better link Indigenous communities to regional development efforts. This report builds on previous work conducted in Canada as part of the OECD Reviews on Local Job Creation of the LEED Programme, which looked at Indigenous employment and skills policies in the Yukon and Saskatchewan in 2016.


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