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Handbook on Measuring Digital Platform Employment and Work

image of Handbook on Measuring Digital Platform Employment and Work

National Statistical Offices face a growing policy demand for better statistics on digital platform employment and work. New statistical definitions are needed to avoid undercounting the number of people involved in these jobs. In addition, new sources of data, including non-official ones, may be needed to meet the statistical challenges of measuring digital platform employment and work. The OECD, the International Labour Organisation and the European Commission have joined forces to produce this Handbook on Measuring Digital Platform Employment and Work, which assesses measurement options and provides first recommendations on these issues. The Handbook first proposes a general definition of digital platform work and a conceptual framework that helps identify the key features of digital platform employment and work, which statisticians should bear in mind when designing their research objectives and operational protocol. The Handbook then reviews the main statistical vehicles used for measuring digital platform employment, and discusses previous statistical initiatives by National Statistical Offices through the lens of its conceptual framework.

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Conceptual framework, concepts and definitions

This chapter aims to provide a conceptual framework that explains the nature of digital platform employment and work, while accounting for the great variety of digital platforms. The chapter first describes the digital economy and introduces the concept of employed persons in the digital economy. It then provides a definition of digital platforms, and provides a general overview of the landscape of digital platforms. The chapter provides a general definition of digital platform work. Finally, it focuses on digital platform employment and outlines a flexible framework that users can adjust to consider some of the following elements: i) the form of work; ii) whether a given measurement includes the provision of services or/and the production of goods; iii) whether the measurement is restricted to digital platform employment taking place externally or internally to the digital platform. The flexibility of the framework reflects different policy objectives and user needs.

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