Getting Skills Right: United Kingdom

image of Getting Skills Right: United Kingdom

This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances in the United Kingdom. It provides an assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment between skills acquisition and labour market needs; education and training policies targeting skills development and investment for individuals and employers; job creation policies to develop skills through on-the-job learning; and policies facilitating the entry of migrants with skills that are in demand. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat.



Key drivers of skills demand and supply in the United Kingdom

Skills imbalances are driven by structural and cyclical factors that shape the demand for and supply of skills. For instance, economic growth, changes in the composition of economic output and broad-based trends like globalisation, technological advancement and demographic change are all important macroeconomic factors influencing the demand for skills. On the other hand, the supply of skills is affected by labour market trends, migration, and skills and education outcomes. This chapter discusses the main factors influencing the demand and supply of skills in the United Kingdom, and describes the current state of skills imbalances.


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