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Getting Skills Right: Good Practice in Adapting to Changing Skill Needs

A Perspective on France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the United Kingdom

image of Getting Skills Right: Good Practice in Adapting to Changing Skill Needs

This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances, based on five country-specific policy notes for France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the United Kingdom. It provides a comparative assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; the design of education and training systems and their responsiveness to changing skill needs; the re-training of unemployed individuals; and the improvement of skills use and skills matching in the labour market. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat in the five countries reviewed. Examples of good practice from other countries are also discussed.

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Drivers of skills demand and supply

The supply of and demand for skills are shaped by both structural and cyclical factors, each affecting the five countries being studied in different ways. For instance, economic growth, changes in the composition of economic output over time and the so-called megatrends are all important macroeconomic factors influencing the demand for skills. On the other hand, labour market trends, migration and skills and education outcomes play an important role in defining the supply of skills. These factors are briefly considered in this chapter, highlighting similarities and differences across countries.

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