Getting Skills Right: France

image of Getting Skills Right: France

This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances in France. It provides an assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; policies stimulating skills demand and skills use; policies related to general and professional education and training; policies to help the unemployed develop the right skills and better match them to jobs; career guidance initiatives; and policies facilitating the entry of migrants with skills that are in demand. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat.

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Summary and key recommendations

The demand for skills in developed countries is changing constantly as a result of global trends such as technological progress, globalisation and population ageing. In France, as in many other high-income countries, the composition of the economy has changed considerably in recent decades, shifting towards high service intensity. Hightech manufacturing and knowledge intensive services account for an important share of French value added, signalling a strong demand for high-level skills. Nonetheless, while France performs well in terms of innovation, a substantial gap remains compared with other European countries in the vanguard. The educational attainment level of the French population is average compared with other OECD countries, and the proficiency of French adults in literacy and numeracy is below the OECD average, suggesting that the supply of skills may represent bottlenecks for the economic performance of France.

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