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Getting Skills Right: Assessing and Anticipating Changing Skill Needs

image of Getting Skills Right: Assessing and Anticipating Changing Skill Needs

Digitalisation, globalisation, demographic shifts and other changes in work organisation are constantly reshaping skill needs. This can lead to persistent skill shortages and mismatch which are costly for individuals, firms and society in terms of lost wages and lower productivity and growth. These costs can be reduced through better assessment and anticipation of changing skill needs and by improving the responsiveness of skills development to these changes.

This report identifies effective strategies for improving labour market information on skill needs and ensuring that this information is used effectively to develop the right skills. It provides a comparative assessment of practices across 29 countries in the following areas: i) the collection of information on existing and future skill needs; ii) the use of this information to guide skill development policies in the areas of labour, education and migration; and iii) governance arrangements to ensure good co-ordination among the key stakeholders in the collection and use of skill needs information.

 

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Governance and stakeholder involvement

In this chapter, the various ways in which skills anticipation and assessment exercises may be governed are highlighted as well as the mechanisms put in place in countries for involving stakeholders in the discussion of findings and the development of a policy response. Governance of the exercises range from those that are user/policy-driven (and tend to be narrower in scope) to those that rely on independent agencies to produce assessments and forecasts for a more general use. Similarly, different approaches exist for stakeholder involvement, ranging from ad-hoc arrangements to more formal approaches. Either way, systems or procedures for dealing with potential conflict about skills needs or the required policy response are highly advisable.

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