Gender Equality in Chile

Towards a Better Sharing of Paid and Unpaid Work

image of Gender Equality in Chile

The OECD review of Gender Equality in Chile: Towards a Better Sharing of Paid and Unpaid Work is the first of a series addressing Latin American and the Caribbean countries. It compares gender gaps in labour and educational outcomes in Chile with other countries. Particular attention is put on the uneven distribution of unpaid work, and the extra burden this places on women. It investigates how policies and programmes in Chile can make this distribution more equitable. The first part of the report reviews the evidence on gender gaps and on what causes these, including the role played by attitudes. The second part develops a comprehensive framework to address these challenges, presenting a broad range of options to reduce the unpaid work burden falling on women, and to increase women’s labour income. The final part discusses the impact of the COVID-19 crisis and considers how the policy priorities of the government will have to change to address these.

English Also available in: Spanish

A holistic policy framework for achieving a balanced sharing of paid and unpaid work

This chapter argues that achieving a better sharing of paid and unpaid responsibilities between men and women in Chile requires a comprehensive policy strategy and presents a holistic framework for its development using two policy axes. The first axis comprises the policies aimed at reducing the barriers that stand in the way of a more equitable division of time and responsibilities between men and women: Creating a more effective care system, expanding parental leave and reducing the transmission of gender stereotypes through the education system. The second axis includes the policies that aim to increase the participation of women in the labour market through ensuring that women’s paid work pays more: Ensuring access to quality education for all, promoting women in non-traditional careers and leadership positions, supporting female entrepreneurship and fighting violence against women. The chapter reviews each area in detail and provides policy insights for possible improvements.

English Also available in: Spanish

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