Equipping Health Workers with the Right Skills

Skills Anticipation in the Health Workforce

image of Equipping Health Workers with the Right Skills

The COVID-19 pandemic further exacerbated the long-standing skills shortages in the health workforce across countries. Equipping health workers with the right skills is essential to respond to future health crises, to prepare for increasing use of digital technologies, and to plan for demographic change. This joint report by the OECD and ILO aims to enable more resilient health workforces by helping countries to assess future demand in terms of both numbers of health workers and skills needs, and to prepare appropriate policy responses. The report provides a comparative overview of practices in 16 countries to anticipate future skill needs in the health workforce, and of how such information is used by policy makers and social partners to foster a better alignment with labour market needs. Analysis is based on interviews with institutions that are responsible for anticipating skill needs in the health workforce, a virtual peer-learning workshop and desk research.


How countries anticipate skill needs in the health workforce

This chapter reviews the types of skills anticipation exercises that countries and regions employ to generate information about future skill needs in the health workforce. Exercises are characterised along five dimensions: how skill needs are defined, time horizon and frequency, scope, the method used, and how uncertainty is managed and findings are validated.


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