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Engaging Employers in Apprenticeship Opportunities

Making It Happen Locally

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This joint OECD-ILO publication provides guidance on how local and regional governments can foster business-education partnerships in apprenticeship programmes and other types of work-based learning, drawing on case studies across nine countries. There has been increasing interest in apprenticeships which combine on the job training with classroom-based study, providing a smooth transition from school to work. There are benefits to both individuals and employers from participating in apprenticeships, including increased productivity and job quality. Successful implementation is contingent on having a high level of employer engagement at the local level, notably in the design, development and delivery of programmes.

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Reforming the Indian apprenticeship system to boost local engagement

India faces what has been called a stupendous challenge in increasing the portion of its workforce with VET qualifications. Most of the Indian workforce does not even have secondary education (70% in 2009-10), and only 2% had VET qualifications at that time. The apprenticeship system in India suffers from the same problems as the Indian VET system more broadly; namely that there are insufficient participants. Young people do not tend to see apprenticeship as a valued career path, and employers have been reluctant to employ apprentices. In 2012, the Indian government embarked upon a significant reform effort of the apprenticeship system in particular and the VET system more generally. This chapter describes and evaluates the elements of that reform.

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