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Employment and Skills Strategies in England, United Kingdom

image of Employment and Skills Strategies in England, United Kingdom

This report delivers evidence-based and practical recommendations on how to better support employment and economic development in England. It builds on sub-national data analysis and consultations with local stakeholders in Nottingham and North Nottinghamshire in the East Midlands as well as Hull and Scarborough in Yorkshire and the Humber. It provides a comparative framework to understand the role of the local level in contributing to more and better quality jobs. The report can help national and local policy makers in England and the UK build effective and sustainable partnerships at the local level, which join-up efforts and achieve stronger outcomes across employment, training, and economic development policies. Co-ordinated policies can help workers find suitable jobs, while also stimulating entrepreneurship and productivity, which increases the quality of life and prosperity within a community as well as throughout the country.

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Policy context for employment and skills in England

This chapter provides an overview of England’s skills system and the institutional infrastructure and polices for local economic development. The UK economy is heavily services based both in output and employment. In recent decades there has been a marked shift in the UK economy away from manufacturing towards services – particularly towards knowledge intensive services. Historically, national skills policy in England has had a supply-side focus, with the underpinning rationale being to raise skills levels as a means to achieve higher levels of employment, productivity and prosperity. With increasing recognition that a supply-side focus was insufficient, growing policy attention has been placed on stimulating employer demand for skills.

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