Connecting People with Jobs: Key Issues for Raising Labour Market Participation in Australia

image of Connecting People with Jobs: Key Issues for Raising Labour Market Participation in Australia

Giving people better opportunities to participate actively in the labour market improves well-being. It also helps countries to cope with rapid population ageing by mobilising more fully each country’s potential labour resources. Weak labour market attachment of some groups in society reflects a range of barriers to working or moving up the jobs ladder. This report on Australia is the third country study published in a series of reports looking into strategies to encourage greater labour market participation of all groups in society with a special focus on the most disadvantaged. Labour market and activation policies are well developed in Australia. However, the gap in employment rates is still considerable for some groups of the population, including women with young children, disadvantaged youth, people with disability, people with mental health problems and the indigenous population. This report discusses the size of the gap and the - often multiple - barriers underlying low labour market participation of these groups, and it provides a non-exhaustive number of good practice policies and measures from other OECD countries which could guide Australia's policy development in the coming years.


Better mobilising Australia's underutilised labour resources

This chapter builds on recent work of OECD’s Directorate of Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, especially a number of labour market and social policy reviews, and proposes options for improving Australia’s current activation and labour market policies and for the development of new ones. While briefly describing the Australian situation, the chapter mainly provides examples of good practice from other OECD countries which could inform the policy process in Australia and help to increase labour market participation of underrepresented groups.



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