Clusters, Innovation and Entrepreneurship

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This publication explores the success of major innovation and entrepreneurship clusters in OECD countries, the challenges they now face in sustaining their positions and the lessons for other places seeking to build successful clusters.  What are the key factors for cluster success?  What problems are emerging on the horizon? Which is the appropriate role of the public sector in supporting the expansion of  clusters and overcoming the obstacles?

The book addresses these and other issues, analysing seven internationally reputed clusters in depth: Grenoble in France, Vienna in Austria, Waterloo in Canada, Dunedin in New Zealand, Medicon Valley in Scandinavia, Oxfordshire in the United Kingdom, and Madison, Wisconsin, in the United States.  For each cluster, it looks at the factors that have contributed to its growth, the impact of the cluster on local entrepreneurship performance, and the challenges faced for further expansion.  It also puts forward a set of policy recommendations geared to the broader context of cluster development.

This publication is essential reading for policy makers, practitioners and academics wishing to obtain good practices in cluster development and guidance on how  to enhance the economic impact of clusters.


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The Life Science Cluster of Medicon Valley, Scandinavia

This chapter provides a good example of a successful cross-regional cluster, and presents the challenges and benefits of such a structure. The engagement and the equal collaboration of the regions involved have been crucial in developing the cluster. Also, this chapter highlights the relevance of the “triple helix” model (industry, university, government) to stimulating innovation in a cluster, and the appropriateness of promoting a regional innovation system to dynamise the region. Moreover, this case shows and assesses the contribution of national and regional agencies for innovation in supporting the development of the cluster and encouraging collaboration.


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