Business Clusters

Promoting Enterprise in Central and Eastern Europe

image of Business Clusters

Clusters of firms and related organisations in a range of industry specialisations are a striking feature of the economic landscape in all countries. Their growth and survival depends on internal processes of specialisation, co-operation and rivalry, and knowledge flows that underpin the competitiveness of the firms within them. Cluster building is now among the most important economic development activities in OECD countries and beyond. This book looks at the importance and potential of cluster initiatives in Central and Eastern Europe as these countries integrate ever more strongly into the global economy. Existing clusters are mapped, recent policy advances are described and conclusions are drawn on the potential of business clusters to foster economic growth in the wider Central, East and South East European region. 

English Also available in: Turkish



The Slovak cluster chapter assesses whether the break-up of long-standing industrial structures has led to the rapid appearance of new industry clusters in Slovakia and whether a link exists between those new regional industry clusters and foreign direct investment. Four selected “sectoral clusters” (automotive, electronics, chemicals and clothing) are then introduced in more detail to understand the location and clustering behaviour of firms within their national and regional economies. Finally, Slovak clusters are assessed in an international perspective, with special attention paid to the Bratislava-Vienna border region.


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