Building Inclusive Labour Markets in Kazakhstan

A Focus on Youth, Older Workers and People with Disabilities

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Kazakhstan has made major economic and social advances in the past decade and a half. Yet, Kazakhstan needs to sustain high growth rates in the future to converge towards the living standards of OECD countries. This report provides a review of the labour market and social policies that could help Kazakhstan in its dual objectives of building more inclusive labour markets, while maintaining a path of strong growth. It explores the role that institutions and policies play in helping vulnerable groups to access gainful and productive jobs, particularly focusing on three key groups: youth, older workers, and people with disabilities, and provides a comprehensive set of policies to increase the employment and employability of these groups. Evaluations and lessons from innovative experiences in OECD and other countries are used to formulate recommendations tailored to Kazakhstan.



Key labour market challenges in Kazakhstan

This chapter explores the labour market situation of Kazakhstan from an international comparative perspective. At a first glance, labour market outcomes suggest that Kazakhstan performs well in the international comparison. However, these figures should be used with some caution as they mask important challenges with regards to job quality. Informality and self-employment are widespread, especially among youth, older workers, and the low-skilled, suggesting that these workers have often access to poorly paid jobs, with limited access to training, little or no social security coverage, or protection provided by labour contracts. The incidence of low pay is quite high by international standards, and it is particularly high for informal and self-employed workers.


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