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Ageing and Employment Policies: Poland 2015

image of Ageing and Employment Policies: Poland 2015

People today are living longer than ever before, while birth rates are dropping in the majority of OECD countries. Such demographics raise the question: are current public social expenditures adequate and sustainable? Older workers play a crucial role in the labour market. Now that legal retirement ages are rising, fewer older workers are retiring early, but at the same time those older workers who have lost their job after the age of 50 have tended to remain in long term unemployment. What can countries do to help? How can they give older people better work incentives and opportunities? These reports offer analysis and assessment on what the best policies are for fostering employability, job mobility and labour demand at an older age.

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Assessment and key recommendations

Poland is facing more pronounced population ageing than many other countries. The population above age 65 as a ratio of the population aged 20-64 is projected to nearly triple: from about 0.2 in 2012 to about 0.6 in 2050. Today, Poland belongs to the group of OECD countries with a relatively low proportion of elderly, which is to say a ratio below the OECD average of close to 0.3. But it is projected that by 2050, Poland will have moved to the group of countries with a ratio higher than the projected OECD average of 0.5.

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