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The Road to Integration

Education and Migration

image of The Road to Integration

Migration has been at the centre of policy debates across the OECD in recent years. This synthesis report identifies eight pillars of policy-making that the Strength through Diversity project has revealed to be crucial if education systems to effectively support newcomers. For each pillar, the report details a set of principles driving the design and implementation of system-level policies and school-level practices. The eight pillars are: 1. consider the heterogeneity of immigrant populations, 2. develop approaches to promote the overall well-being of immigrants, 3. address the unique needs of refugee students, 4. ensure that motivation translates into a key asset for immigrant communities, 5. organise resources to reduce the influence of socio-economic status on the outcomes of immigrants, 6. provide comprehensive language support, 7. build the capacity of teachers to deal with diversity, and 8. break down barriers to social cohesion while ensuring effective service delivery.

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Organise resources to reduce the influence of socio-economic status on the outcomes of immigrants

This chapter identifies the extent to which socio-economic status determines the academic performance and general well-being of individuals with an immigrant background in different OECD countries. The extent to which socio-economic status exacerbates other forms of disadvantage associated with having an immigrant background is also examined. The chapter illustrates principles that could guide the design and implementation of policies and practices to ensure that immigrants are not held back by a relatively disadvantaged socio‑economic condition. The role of institutional and governance aspects of education policy (including the implementation of market mechanisms, resource allocation criteria and curricular guidelines) and how they can be used to reduce the influence of socio‑economic status on the outcomes of immigrant groups is discussed.

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