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The Nature of Problem Solving

Using Research to Inspire 21st Century Learning

image of The Nature of Problem Solving

Solving non-routine problems is a key competence in a world full of changes, uncertainty and surprise where we strive to achieve so many ambitious goals. But the world is also full of solutions because of the extraordinary competences of humans who search for and find them. We must explore the world around us in a thoughtful way, acquire knowledge about unknown situations efficiently, and apply new and existing knowledge creatively.

The Nature of Problem Solving presents the background and the main ideas behind the development of the PISA 2012 assessment of problem solving, as well as results from research collaborations that originated within the group of experts who guided the development of this assessment. It illustrates the past, present and future of problem-solving research and how this research is helping educators prepare students to navigate an increasingly uncertain, volatile and ambiguous world.

English

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Problem solving from a mathematical standpoint

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

Problem solving has always been at the heart of both pure and applied mathematics. This chapter examines the evolution of the concept of what constitutes a problem, and the models and findings concerning problem solving from research into the learning and teaching of mathematics. It then considers the emerging understanding of the role played by metacognition in current conceptions of problem solving in mathematics and its learning.

English

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