The Future of Mexican Higher Education

Promoting Quality and Equity

image of The Future of Mexican Higher Education

This review of higher education policy in Mexico was requested by the Mexican Ministry of Education to take stock of progress since the last OECD review of the higher education system in Mexico, published in 2008, and to support development of the new government’s National Development Plan and Sectoral Education Programme. 

The report examines the state of the higher education sector in Mexico and analyses key policies implemented by the federal and state governments. It assesses national governance and co-operation structures that help to guide the higher education system, and the relevance of existing national strategies. It also looks at public funding of higher education institutions, how the quality of higher education programmes is assured; and the extent to which the higher education system contributes to equity. The report concludes by exploring two key sectors of higher education: teacher education colleges and professional and technical institutions.   

A companion volume focusing on the labour market relevance and outcomes of higher education is also available: Higher Education in Mexico: Labour Market Relevance and Outcomes.  

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Educational sectors: Specific challenges and opportunities

This chapter builds on the system-wide analysis in the preceding chapters to examine in more depth some of the strengths and weaknesses of two components of Mexico’s public higher education system that face particular challenges. It first examines challenges and opportunities facing the technical sector of higher education (the federal and decentralised Institutes of Technology that now make up the Tecnológico Nacional de México (TecNM) and the Polytechnic and Technological Universities), before turning to the public Teacher Education Colleges (the normal schools). For each set of institutions, the chapter focuses on five key topics: governance; funding; staffing; equity; and the quality and relevance of educational provision and its capacity for innovation. The analysis draws on issues raised during the review visit and available evidence from relevant policy and academic literature, acknowledging the limits to what is possible in the context of this broad review. For both clusters of institutions, we then provide specific recommendations.

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