Skills Upgrading

New Policy Perspectives

image of Skills Upgrading

Skills are key to a better job and a better life. Yet acquiring them is often most difficult for the people who need them most: those trapped in low-paid jobs with hard working conditions. Innovative experiments throughout OECD member countries show that barriers to skills acquisition can be overcome. A wide range of actors from government, business and civil society have joined efforts and embarked on initiatives that indeed fill the gap between labour market policy and vocational training, and workers’ weaknesses and employers’ evolving needs. There are rich lessons to be learned from the experiences of Belgium (Flanders), Canada, Denmark, the United Kingdom and the United States, which are investigated in this book.

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From Welfare-to-work to Welfare-in-work

Concepts and Policies

This chapter examines the challenges facing OECD member countries in their drive to upgrade the skills of those workers who have come to be described as “the working poor”. It argues that the attempt to move from “welfare-to-work” to “welfare-in-work” policies must incorporate spatial considerations to ensure that efforts are directed at those workers and companies that need it most.

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