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Seven Questions about Apprenticeships

Answers from International Experience

image of Seven Questions about Apprenticeships

After a period of relative neglect in many countries, apprenticeships and other forms of work-based learning are experiencing a revival. Their effectiveness in easing school-to-work transitions and serving the economy is increasingly recognised. However, engaging individuals, employers, social partners and education and training systems in such learning remains a significant challenge. In light of this, Seven Questions about Apprenticeships draws out policy messages on how to design and implement high-quality apprenticeships, using material from the OECD project Work-based Learning in Vocational Education and Training.

It presents answers to seven questions commonly asked by governments and practitioners seeking to either introduce or reform apprenticeship systems for young people and/or older workers. Can apprenticeships provide a useful contribution in every country? Should employers receive financial incentives for providing apprenticeships? What is the right wage for apprentices, and how long should an apprenticeship last? How can we ensure a good learning experience at work? How can apprenticeships be made to work for youth at risk? And how to attract potential apprentices?

The study establishes principles of effective practice by building on new analytical work and examples of effective practice from around the world.

English French, German

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What is the right wage for apprentices?

This chapter focuses on the question of apprentice pay. It reviews the processes by which the wages of apprentices are determined across a number of OECD countries and the factors, such as training costs, productivity returns, competition from alternative employment and educational provision, which explain variation in earnings. The chapter looks at the cost-benefit balance to employers and to youth and adults considering apprenticeships. It identifies the need for special measures to ensure that apprenticeships are financially attractive to older learners.

English French, German

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