Reviews of National Policies for Education: South Africa 2008

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Gives a brief overview of regional issues and the history of education in South Africa and describes the development of education in the country over the past 15 years. It presents an analysis of the education system, identifying key directions for the reinforcement of the reforms in light of the challenges encountered by officials, communities, enterprises, educators, parents and students under very dynamic conditions. It concludes with a set of key recommendations concerning the structure of the system and its labour market relevance; access and equity; financing; governance and management; internationalisation; and research, development and innovation.


Part Two

Examiners' Report

The ending of the struggle against Apartheid and the establishment of a Government of National Unity in South Africa, in 1994, with the iconic and charismatic Nelson Mandela as President, was one of the most significant, historical events of the late twentieth century. Despite the difficulties that had preceded it, the transfer of power was achieved through negotiations and peaceful means. The new political leaders faced daunting challenges. They inherited a state in which inequality and discrimination had been embedded and where great divisions and tensions had existed between different sectors of the population, most notably between the white minority and the black majority. The challenge taken up by the new leaders was to build a new South Africa on the principles of universal human rights that would promote justice, equity and non-discrimination in all aspects, including race, colour, language, gender, disability and age. From the beginning, the education system was regarded as central to the long-term re-shaping of society. It was realised that the education system forms a crucial conduit through which the ideals, values, knowledge, attitudes, skills and relationships cherished by a society are made available to learners of all ages.


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