Reviews of National Policies for Education: Secondary Education in Kazakhstan

image of Reviews of National Policies for Education: Secondary Education in Kazakhstan

This report evaluates the education reform agenda of Kazakhstan – its feasibility and focus – by taking stock of present-day strengths and weaknesses of the secondary education system. The report also provides guidance on adjusting the reform implementation plans in line with international experiences and best practices regarding educational change, and consolidates much of the previously dispersed (national) data on primary and secondary schools in Kazakhstan  into a common analytical base of evidence, validated by the education authorities.

Chapter 1 of this report provides an overview of the country, it education system and reform plans. Subsequent chapters provide analysis of and recommendations on equity and effectiveness of schooling; assessment and evaluation practices; policies for teachers and principals; expenditure patterns and financing mechanisms; vocational education and training; and a summary of the recommendations.



Equity and effectiveness of schooling in Kazakhstan

Chapter 2 provides analysis and recommendations on equity of education in Kazakhstan and on improving the effectiveness of learning in its schools. It assesses the educational opportunities in urban vs. rural areas, those of gifted students vs. those who struggle academically, and the impact of language and socio-economic background on learning outcomes. The chapter discusses also provision for children with special educational needs, the organisation of schooling and the learning environment, the role of parents and the curriculum, as well as the plans for transition to 12 years of schooling.


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