Reviews of National Policies for Education: Secondary Education in Kazakhstan

image of Reviews of National Policies for Education: Secondary Education in Kazakhstan

This report evaluates the education reform agenda of Kazakhstan – its feasibility and focus – by taking stock of present-day strengths and weaknesses of the secondary education system. The report also provides guidance on adjusting the reform implementation plans in line with international experiences and best practices regarding educational change, and consolidates much of the previously dispersed (national) data on primary and secondary schools in Kazakhstan  into a common analytical base of evidence, validated by the education authorities.

Chapter 1 of this report provides an overview of the country, it education system and reform plans. Subsequent chapters provide analysis of and recommendations on equity and effectiveness of schooling; assessment and evaluation practices; policies for teachers and principals; expenditure patterns and financing mechanisms; vocational education and training; and a summary of the recommendations.



Assessment of learning outcomes and teaching quality in Kazakhstan

Chapter 3 looks at the three principal ways of assessing learning outcomes in formal education in Kazakhstan: assessment by (class) teachers; external assessment at the end of the 9th grade; and the Unified National Test (UNT) – a standardised test administered at the end of grade 11 which serves as both school leaving exam and admission exam to post-secondary (tertiary and non-tertiary) education. The chapter also offers an analysis of the Complex Test (CT) which is taken by certain categories of students who did not attend upper secondary school but who wish to enrol at university. The chapter then suggests improvements in the quality, relevance and frequency of assessment (both classroom and external) and emphasizes the need for better use of assessment results.


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