Reviews of National Policies for Education: Bulgaria 2004

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This book gives an overview of the Bulgarian education system and describes its development since its development over the past decade. It provides an analysis of the entire education system, and identifies key directions for the reinforcement of the reform process in light of the challenges encountered by officials, communities, enterprises, educators, parents and students under rather difficult conditions.

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Higher Education

For almost half a century, prior to 1990, Bulgaria’s higher education system had been moulded in the Soviet model. It was strongly state controlled in terms of ideology, curricula, organisational and administrative framework. Of the 30 higher education institutions (HEIs) by 1989, only three – the Universities of Sofia, Plovdiv and Veliko-Tarnovo – were multi-disciplinary institutions. The others followed the specialised professional training institute model favoured by the Soviet approach, pedagogical, technological, agricultural, and medical institutes...

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