Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care: Korea 2012

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Early childhood education and care (ECEC) can bring a wide range of benefits – for children, parents and society at large. However, these benefits are conditional on “quality”. Expanding access to services without attention to quality will not deliver good outcomes for children or long-term productivity benefits for society.

This series of country reports focuses on quality issues. Each report tackles a specific theme that was selected by the country reviewed. These reports suggest strengths and point to areas for further reflection on current policy initiatives.



Where does Korea stand compared to other countries?

Korea has different curricula in place for different provisions: the standard child care curriculum covers all children aged zero to five in child care. In parallel, there is the national curriculum for kindergarten for children aged three to five attending kindergarten. Recently, Korea set out a national, common curriculum for all children aged five, the Nuri Curriculum, and plans to extend the common curriculum to cover ages three and four, aiming at providing a more continuous child development process for young children in ECEC. Finland, New Zealand and Scotland (United Kingdom) have an integrated curriculum framework covering either all ages in ECEC or children in early education and beyond.


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