PISA for Development Assessment and Analytical Framework

Reading, Mathematics and Science

image of PISA for Development Assessment and Analytical Framework

“What is important for citizens to know and be able to do?” The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) seeks to answer that question through the most comprehensive and rigorous international assessment of student knowledge and skills. As more countries join its ranks, PISA is evolving to successfully cater for a larger and more diverse group of participants. The OECD launched the PISA for Development initiative in 2014 to support evidence-based policy making globally and offer universal tools in monitoring progress towards the Education Sustainable Development Goal. Spanning six years, this unique pilot project aims to make the assessment more accessible and relevant to a wider range of countries, while maintaining the overall PISA framework and accordance with PISA’s technical standards and usual practices.

The PISA for Development Assessment and Analytical Framework presents the conceptual foundations of the project, and covers reading, mathematics and science. PISA for Development has a school-based component and an out-of-school one. For the school-based component, a questionnaire about students’ background is distributed to all participating students. School principals complete a school questionnaire that describes the school, its students and teachers, and the learning environment. Teachers also complete a questionnaire about themselves, the school’s resources, their teaching practice and their students. The out-of-school respondents complete a background questionnaire, and their parent (or person most knowledgeable about them) answers a questionnaire about the youth’s background and childhood experiences. A household observation questionnaire is completed by the interviewer, and information about the location of the household is collected by PISA for Development National Centres.

Nine countries participated in the PISA for Development assessment: Bhutan, Cambodia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay, Senegal and Zambia.


PISA for Development Contextual Questionnaires Framework

This Chapter describes the framework and core content for the PISA for Development (PISA-D) contextual questionnaires, for both the schoolbased assessment and the out-of-school assessment. The Chapter presents the content and aims of the instruments for students who were in school and in Grade 7 or higher at the time of the assessment; who were in school but in a grade lower than Grade 7; and also for youths who were out of school. The Chapter also describes the teacher and school questionnaires that are used for the school-based assessment and the instruments used for the out-of-school population: a questionnaire for the parents or the person most knowledgeable about the youths, and a household observation questionnaire.


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