PISA Data Analysis Manual: SPSS, Second Edition

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The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) surveys collected data on students’ performances in reading, mathematics and science, as well as contextual information on students’ background, home characteristics and school factors which could influence performance. This publication includes detailed information on how to analyse the PISA data, enabling researchers to both reproduce the initial results and to undertake further analyses. In addition to the inclusion of the necessary techniques, the manual also includes a detailed account of the PISA 2006 database and worked examples providing full syntax in SPSS®.


Use of Proficiency Levels

The values for student performance in reading, mathematics, and science literacy are usually considered as continuous latent variables. In order to facilitate the interpretation of the scores assigned to students, the reading, mathematics and science scales were designed to have an average score of 500 points and a standard deviation of 100 across OECD countries. This means that about two-thirds of the OECD member country students perform between 400 and 600 points.


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