PISA Data Analysis Manual: SAS, Second Edition

image of PISA Data Analysis Manual: SAS, Second Edition

The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) surveys collected data on students’ performance in reading, mathematics and science, as well as contextual information on students’ background, home characteristics and school factors which could influence performance. This publication includes detailed information on how to analyse the PISA data, enabling researchers to both reproduce the initial results and to undertake further analyses. In addition to the inclusion of the necessary techniques, the manual also includes a detailed account of the PISA 2006 database. It also includes worked examples providing full syntax in SAS®.


The Rasch Model

International surveys in education such as PISA are designed to estimate the performance in specific subject domains of various subgroups of students, at specific ages or grade levels.

For the surveys to be considered valid, many items need to be developed and included in the final tests. The OECD publications related to the assessment frameworks indicate the breadth and depth of the PISA domains, showing that many items are needed to assess a domain as broadly defined as, for example, mathematical literacy.


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