PISA 2018 Assessment and Analytical Framework

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This report presents the conceptual foundations of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), now in its seventh cycle of comprehensive and rigorous international surveys of student knowledge, skills and well-being. Like previous cycles, the 2018 assessment covered reading, mathematics and science, with the major focus this cycle on reading literacy, plus an evaluation of students’ global competence – their ability to understand and appreciate the perspectives and world views of others. Financial literacy was also offered as an optional assessment.

The framework also includes the questionnaires distributed to students and school principals used to elicit information about student backgrounds and the school learning environment, as well as some questionnaires distributed to parents and teachers to assess factors associated with student outcomes. Students in some countries also completed further questionnaires on their educational trajectory, familiarity with information and communications technology, and well-being.


PISA 2018 Expert Groups

Annex B lists the members of the expert groups who were involved in developing the PISA 2018 framework for the major domain (reading), the innovative domain (global competence) and the questionnaires. The lists of the experts involved in developing the PISA 2012 frameworks for mathematics and financial literacy and the PISA 2015 framework for science can be found in the OECD publications PISA 2012 Frameworks – Mathematics, Problem Solving and Financial Literacy (2013) and PISA 2015 Assessment and Analytical Framework (2017), respectively.


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