PISA 2018 Assessment and Analytical Framework

image of PISA 2018 Assessment and Analytical Framework

This report presents the conceptual foundations of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), now in its seventh cycle of comprehensive and rigorous international surveys of student knowledge, skills and well-being. Like previous cycles, the 2018 assessment covered reading, mathematics and science, with the major focus this cycle on reading literacy, plus an evaluation of students’ global competence – their ability to understand and appreciate the perspectives and world views of others. Financial literacy was also offered as an optional assessment.

The framework also includes the questionnaires distributed to students and school principals used to elicit information about student backgrounds and the school learning environment, as well as some questionnaires distributed to parents and teachers to assess factors associated with student outcomes. Students in some countries also completed further questionnaires on their educational trajectory, familiarity with information and communications technology, and well-being.



PISA 2018 Financial Literacy Framework

PISA 2018 offers an optional assessment of financial literacy for the third time. This section presents the framework of this assessment and is based on the framework developed for the 2012 exercise, which was the first large-scale international study to assess the financial literacy of young people. It defines financial literacy as it pertains to youth, and it is organised around the content, processes and contexts that are relevant for the assessment of 15‑year‑old students. These content areas, processes and contexts are illustrated with several items drawn from the PISA 2018 field trial and previous assessments. In addition, the framework discusses the relationship between financial literacy and non‑cognitive skills and between financial literacy and both reading and mathematics literacy.


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