PISA 2018 Assessment and Analytical Framework

image of PISA 2018 Assessment and Analytical Framework

This report presents the conceptual foundations of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), now in its seventh cycle of comprehensive and rigorous international surveys of student knowledge, skills and well-being. Like previous cycles, the 2018 assessment covered reading, mathematics and science, with the major focus this cycle on reading literacy, plus an evaluation of students’ global competence – their ability to understand and appreciate the perspectives and world views of others. Financial literacy was also offered as an optional assessment.

The framework also includes the questionnaires distributed to students and school principals used to elicit information about student backgrounds and the school learning environment, as well as some questionnaires distributed to parents and teachers to assess factors associated with student outcomes. Students in some countries also completed further questionnaires on their educational trajectory, familiarity with information and communications technology, and well-being.


PISA 2018 Reading Framework

Reading is the major domain of assessment of the 2018 cycle of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). This chapter defines reading literacy as it is assessed in PISA 2018. It describes the types of processes and scenarios exhibited in the tasks that PISA uses to assess reading literacy. Moreover, it describes how the nature of reading literacy has changed over the past two decades, notably through the growing presence of digital texts. The chapter also explains how PISA assesses the ease and efficiency with which a student reads, and how it measures various metacognitive aspects of students’ reading practices. It then discusses how student performance in reading is measured and reported. Various sample items from the reading assessment are included at the end of this chapter.


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