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PISA 2015 Results (Volume V)

Collaborative Problem Solving

image of PISA 2015 Results (Volume V)

The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) examines not just what students know in science, reading and mathematics, but what they can do with what they know. Results from PISA show educators and policy makers the quality and equity of learning outcomes achieved elsewhere, and allow them to learn from the policies and practices applied in other countries. PISA 2015 Results (Volume V): Collaborative Problem Solving, is one of five volumes that present the results of the PISA 2015 survey, the sixth round of the triennial assessment. It examines students’ ability to work with two or more people to try to solve a problem. The volume provides the rationale for assessing this particular skill and describes performance within and across countries. In addition, it highlights the relative strengths and weaknesses of each school system and examines how they are related to individual student characteristics, such as gender, immigrant background and socio-economic status. The volume also explores the role of education in building young people’s skills in solving problems collaboratively.

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Performance in collaborative problem solving

This chapter explains how PISA measures students’ collaborative problemsolving skills. It defines the five proficiency levels on the collaborative problem-solving scale and describes what students who attain those levels can do. The chapter also examines the relationship between student performance in collaborative problem solving and performance in the three core PISA subjects — science, reading and mathematics — and the links between collaborative problem solving and individual problem solving. It concludes with a discussion of the extent to which students’ experiences with ICT are related to their performance in this computer-based assessment.

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