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PISA 2015 Results (Volume II)

Policies and Practices for Successful Schools

image of PISA 2015 Results (Volume II)

The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) examines not just what students know in science, reading and mathematics, but what they can do with what they know. Results from PISA show educators and policy makers the quality and equity of learning outcomes achieved elsewhere, and allow them to learn from the policies and practices applied in other countries. PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools, is one of five volumes that present the results of the PISA 2015 survey, the sixth round of the triennial assessment. It examines how student performance is associated with various characteristics of individual schools and school systems, including the resources allocated to education, the learning environment and how school systems select students into different schools, programmes and classes.

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How schools and teaching practices shape students' performance in and dispositions towards science

This chapter focuses on the opportunity to learn science at school, the school resources devoted to science, and how science is taught in schools. It discusses how these are related to student performance in science, students’ epistemic beliefs, and students’ expectations of pursuing a career in science. The opportunity to learn science includes the attendance at science courses and the choice of school science courses. The school resources examined include the quality and availability of science laboratories, the qualifications of the science teaching staff, and the availability of science-related extracurricular activities. The methods for teaching science discussed in the chapter include teacher-directed instruction, feedback, adaptive instruction and enquiry-based instruction.

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