PISA 2012 Results: Creative Problem Solving (Volume V)

Students' Skills in Tackling Real-Life Problems

image of PISA 2012 Results: Creative Problem Solving (Volume V)

This fifth volume of PISA 2012 results presents an assessment of student performance in problem solving, which measures students’ capacity to respond to non-routine situations in order to achieve their potential as constructive and reflective citizens. It provides the rationale for assessing problem-solving skills and describes  performance within and across countries and economies. In addition, the volume highlights the relative strengths and weaknesses of each school system and examines how they are related to individual student characteristics, such as gender, immigrant background and socio-economic status. The volume also explores the role of education in fostering problem-solving skills.


English Also available in: French


United Kingdom

Across OECD countries, there has been a marked increase in recent decades in the share of jobs that require creative problem-solving skills. Fifteen-year-olds who, today, lack these skills thus face a high risk of economic disadvantage as adults. They will compete for jobs that are becoming rare; and if they are unable to adapt to new circumstances and learn in unfamiliar contexts, they may find it particularly difficult to move to better jobs as economic and technological conditions evolve. PISA’s first assessment of creative problem-solving skills shows how well-prepared students are to confront – and solve – the kinds of problems that are encountered almost daily in 21st century life.


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