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PISA 2009 at a Glance

image of PISA 2009 at a Glance

PISA 2009 at a Glance is a companion publication to PISA 2009 Results, the six-volume report on the 2009 survey conducted by the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). PISA assesses the extent to which students near the end of compulsory education have acquired some of the knowledge and skills that are essential for full participation in modern societies. Its triennial assessments of 15-year-olds focus on reading, mathematics and science.

PISA 2009 at a Glance provides easily accessible data on the some of the main issues analysed in the full report:

  • What students know and can do: How do students compare in the knowledge and skills they show at school? Which countries are the best performers? Which perform poorly?
  • Overcoming social background: Does a student’s socio-economic background affect his or her performance in school?
  • Learning to learn: Are there some types of reading, and some ways of learning, that are better for students than others?
  • What makes a school successful?: What traits do high-performing schools have in common?

Each issue is presented on a two-page spread. The left-hand page explains what the issue means both for students and for participating countries and economies, discusses the main findings and provides readers with a roadmap for finding out more in other OECD publications and databases. The right-hand page contains clearly presented charts and tables, accompanied by dynamic hyperlinks (StatLinks) that direct readers to the corresponding data in Excel™ format.

PISA 2009 at a Glance is an ideal introduction to PISA and to the OECD’s rich trove of internationally comparable data on education and learning.

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Does school governance affect students' reading performance?

Since the early 1980s, educational reforms in many countries have intended to improve the quality of instruction in schools by offering a greater diversity of courses and greater autonomy for schools to respond to local needs, allowing schools to compete for enrolment and providing more choice for parents. PISA results suggest that some features of autonomy and accountability are associated with better performance. Yet some of the assumptions underlying school competition and choice have been called into question. It is unclear, for example, whether parents have the necessary information to choose the best schools for their children. It is also unclear whether parents always give sufficient priority to the quality of the school when making these choices. And school choice may also lead to the unintended racial, ethnic or socioeconomic segregation of schools. Autonomy, evaluation, governance and choice can be combined in many ways, with varying effects on student performance.

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