PISA 2009 Assessment Framework

Key Competencies in Reading, Mathematics and Science

image of PISA 2009 Assessment Framework

This book presents the theory behind the development of the 2009 PISA survey. The re-worked and expanded framework for reading literacy includes not only the assessment of reading and understanding printed texts, but also an innovative component to assess how well students read, navigate and understand electronic texts. Additionally, this publication provides the basis for measuring mathematical and scientific competencies. Finally, it presents the theory behind the questionnaires used to gather information from students, schools and parents on students’ home backgrounds, students’ approaches to learning and school learning environments.

English French


Mathematics Framework

This chapter begins with PISA’s definition of mathematics and explains the theory underlying the development of the assessment. The PISA mathematics assessment is organised into many different categories: situations or contexts; mathematical content and mathematical competencies. It also includes four overarching ideas: space and shape; change and relationships; quantity and uncertainty. The chapter describes the processes and competencies needed to solve PISA mathematics questions and explains the categorisation of the three competency clusters: reproduction, connections and reflections. It uses sample tasks from the PISA assessment to further illustrate the framework and then discusses how proficiency in mathematics is measured for the analysis and reporting of results.

English French

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