PISA 2006 Technical Report

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The PISA 2006 Technical Report describes the methodology underlying the PISA 2006 survey. It examines additional features related to the implementation of the project at a level of detail that allows researchers to understand and replicate its analyses. The reader will find a wealth of information on the test and sample design, methodologies used to analyse the data, technical features of the project and quality control mechanisms.



Translation and cultural appropriateness of the test and survey material

Literature on empirical comparative research refers to translation issues as one of the most frequent problems in cross-cultural surveys. Translation errors are much more frequent than other problems, such as clearly identified discrepancies due to cultural biases or curricular differences. (Harkness, Van de Vijver and Mohler, 2003; Hambleton, Merenda and Spielberger, 2005).


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