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PISA 2003 Technical Report

image of PISA 2003 Technical Report

The PISA 2003 Technical Report describes the complex methodology underlying PISA 2003, along with additional features related to the implementation of the project at a level of detail that allows researchers to understand and replicate its analyses. It presents information on the test and sample design, methodologies used to analyse the data, technical features of the project and quality control mechanisms.

English

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Translation and Cultural Appropriateness of the Test and Survey Material

Translation errors are known to be a major cause of items functioning poorly in international tests. Translation errors are much more frequent than other problems, such as clearly identified discrepancies due to cultural biases or curricular differences.

English

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